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Buku Ethics for The Information Age

Books CollectionBuku Ethics for The Information Age
  • Judul Buku: Ethics for The Information Age
  • Penulis: Michael J. Quinn
  • Penerbit: [New York]: Pearson Education, ©2015
  • Cetakan: Edisi ke-6
  • Bahasa: Inggris
  • ISBN: 9781292061238

Sinopsis Buku Ethics for The Information Age

ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK

The book is divided into ten chapters. Chapter 1 has three objectives: to get the reader thinking about the process of technological change, to present a brief history of computing, networking, and information storage and retrieval; and to provide examples of moral problems brought about by the introduction of information technology.

Chapter 2 is an introduction to ethics. It presents nine different theories of ethical decision-making, weighing the pros and cons of each one. Five of these theories- Kantianism, act utilitarianism, rule utilitarianism, social contract theory, and virtue ethics-are deemed the most appropriate “tools” for analyzing moral problems in the remaining chapters.

Chapters 3-10 discuss a wide variety of issues related to the introduction of information technology into society. I think of these chapters as forming concentric rings around a particular computer user.

EYRCLS Books Collection - Buku Ethics for The Information Age
EYRCLS Books Collection – Buku Ethics for The Information Age

Chapter 3 is the innermost ring, dealing with what can happen when people communicate over the Internet using the Web, email, and Twitter. Issues such as the increase in spam, easy access to pornography, cyberbullying, and Internet addiction raise important questions related to quality of life, free speech, and censorship.

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The next ring, Chapter 4, deals with the creation and exchange of intellectual property. It discusses intellectual property rights, legal safeguards for intellectual property, the definition of fair use, digital rights management, abuses of peer-to-peer networks, the rise of the open-source movement, and the legitimacy of intellectual property protection for software.

Chapter 5 focuses on information privacy. What is privacy exactly? Is there a natural right to privacy? How do others learn so much about us? The chapter describes the electronic trail that people leave behind when they use a cell phone, make credit card purchases, open a bank account, go to a physician, or apply for a loan.

Chapter 6 focuses on privacy and the US government. Using Daniel Solove’s taxonomy of privacy as our organizing principle, we look at how the government has steered between the competing interests of personal privacy and public safety.

We consider US legislation to restrict information collection and government surveillance; government regulation of private databases and abuses of large government databases, legislation to reduce the dissemination of information and legislation that has had the opposite effect; and finally government actions to prevent the invasion of privacy as well as invasive government actions.

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Along the way, we discuss the implications of the USA PATRIOT Act and the debate over the REAL ID Act to establish a de facto national identification card.

Chapter 7 focuses on the vulnerabilities of networked computers. A case study focuses on the release of the Fire sheep extension to the Firefox Web browser. A section on malware discusses rootkits, spyware, cross-site scripting, and drive-by downloads.

We discuss common Internet-based attacks-phishing, spear-phishing. SQL injection, denial-of-service attacks, and distributed denial-of-service attacks and how they are used for cyber-crime, cyber espionage, and cyber-attacks. We conclude with a discussion of the risks associated with online voting.

Computerized system failures have led to lost business, the destruction of property, human suffering, and even death. Chapter 8 describes some notable software system failures, including the story of the Therac-25 radiation therapy system. It also discusses the reliability of computer simulations, the emergence of software engineering as a distinct discipline, and the validity of software warranties.

Chapter 9 is particularly relevant for those readers who plan to take jobs in the computer industry. The chapter presents a professional code related to computing, the Software Engineering Code of Ethics and Professional Practice, followed by an analysis of the code.

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Several case studies illustrate how to use the Software Engineering Code of Ethics and Professional Practice to evaluate moral problems related to the use of computers. The chapter concludes with an ethical evaluation of whistle-blowing, an extreme example of organizational dissent.

Chapter 10 raises a wide variety of issues related to how information technology has impacted work and wealth. Topics include workplace monitoring, telecommuting, and globalization. Does automation increase unemployment? Is there a “digital divide separating society into “haves” and “have not’s”? Is information technology widening the gap between rich and poor? These are just a few of the important questions the chapter addresses.

Buku Ethics for The Information Age ini terdapat di Perpustakaan EYR Center for Legal Studies yang nantinya akan dibuka untuk kalangan umum. Rekan-rekan dapat membacanya di tempat atau, setelah mendaftar menjadi anggota di Perpustakaan kami. Untuk mendaftar menjadi anggota Perpustakaan EYR CLS, silahkan buka halaman Pendaftaran.

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EYR Center for Legal Studies (CLS)
EYR Center for Legal Studies (CLS)https://eyrcls.com
EYR Center for Legal Studies (CLS) is an Indonesian non-profit Civil Society Organization with focus on various law programmes.

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